Some Little Advice for Eczema
Topical corticosteroids are usually the first line of treatment for mild to moderate eczema. These drugs reduce inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system. Topical steroids come in cream or ointment form and are applied directly to the affected area two or three times per day. Common side effects include thinning of the skin and stretch marks. If used over long periods of time, topical steroids can also cause adrenal insufficiency (a decrease in the production of hormones by the adrenal glands).
Calcineurin inhibitors (such as tacrolimus) work by suppressing certain components of your immune system that contribute to inflammation — they do not affect steroid hormone levels as topical steroids do. Tacrolimus comes in an ointment form which is typically applied twice daily after washing with a non-soap cleanser. Side effects may include burning, stinging, irritation, redness, swelling, blistering /oozing at the application site
Other common treatments for eczema include:
-Moisturizers: Moisturizing creams or lotions should be applied liberally to hydrate dry skin and prevent further damage. Look for products labeled “noncomedogenic” or “for sensitive skin” as these will be less likely to clog pores or irritate already damaged skin petroleum jelly) on dampened cloths/wraps placed over moisturized areas then covered with clothing )to soothe irritated lesions while allowing.
-Avoid scratching the eczema
-Apply a moisturizer regularly, especially after bathing
-Use mild soaps and avoid those that contain perfumes or dyes
-Wear loose fitting clothing made of soft fabrics such as cotton
-Use a humidifier in the winter to prevent your skin from becoming too dry
-Avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity
-Try not to sweat too much
-Identify and avoid any triggers that make your eczema worse.